6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where we are?

Director General of National Planning Commission and the UNDP Resident Representative
Director General of National Planning Commission Mr. Tom Alweendo and the UNDP Resident Representative Mr. Musinga Bandora at the United Nations Partnership Framework (UNPAF) 2014-2018 signing ceremony. Photo - UNDP

The final Goal refers to a global partnership and has a range of targets and indicators, some of which apply to the developed nations and others that apply to nations in various states of development. Namibia has adopted four indicators of achievement for itself. One measures the net official development assistance (ODA) flows it receives, and the others measure the degree to which ICT has developed, in the form of internet access and use, cellular/mobile telephone subscriptions, and regular land line telephone use. Namibia has already achieved all the targets set for this Goal.

Official development assistance increased from US$89 per capita in 1990 to US$131 per capita in 2011, surpassing the target of US$90 per capita. By 2013, 36 percent of Namibians had access to internet, against the 20 percent target of Goal 8. This could be attributed to increased cell phone subscribers and consequent internet access via cell phones. The proportion of cell phone subscribers increased from 31 percent in the early 2000s to 92 percent in 2010 and 115 percent in 2013. The proportion of land line subscribers increased steadily from 6.8 percent in 2005 to 8.1 percent in 2013 (surpassing the 7.5 percent target).

The government continues to engage vigorously in regional and international economic cooperation and groupings for mutual benefit and strives to effect structural transformation towards sustainable economic growth and development. It also recognises that regionally integrated markets are crucial for small economies like Namibia‚Äôs to be able to grow and develop in the face of intensified economic globalisation. However, the following challenges prohibits optimal progress in global partnership development: non-availability of an adequately skilled labour force, accountability for improved public service delivery and elimination of corruption, labour inflexibility, ineffective public sector and civil society cooperation, and inadequate access to financing.  Essential interventions for the remaining period before the end of 2015 are the identification of critical skills shortages for the economy to operate at a higher output level and consequently planning carefully for domestic skills development, strengthened institutional structures for public service performance and management accountability, making public key documents that would support the elimination of corruption and hold officials accountable for mismanagement of funds, government strengthening of the space for the private sector and CSOs to operate efficiently and in line with market forces, improved access to adequate financing, and provision of serviced land with tenure to ensure adequate collateral for the private sector to expand.

Status at a glance

MDG 8: DEVELOP A GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENT

Official development assistance to Namibia (US$ per capita)

89 (1990)

131 (2011)

903

Achieved

Internet users, percent of population

15% (2010)

36% (2013)

20%

Achieved

Cell phone subscribers, percent of population

31% (2006)

115% (2013)

61%

Achieved

Telephone lines, percent of households

6.8% (2006)

8.1% (2013)

8%

Achieved

1.33 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population