UNDP supports the fight against corruption in Namibia
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Namibia has once again supported the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC), to produce a National Corruption Perception Survey, which for the first time; covered all fourteen regions of the country including both urban and rural areas, and public and private sectors.
The report which was launched on International Anti-Corruption Day, was jointly produced by the ACC and the Namibia University of Science and Technology (NUST).
This survey was conducted in sixty one Primary Sampling Units (PSUs), which were located in different areas in the fourteen regions. The survey enumerated one thousand eight hundred and fifty five respondents (twenty one years of age or older) in one thousand two hundred households. However the ACC has launched several Corruption Perception Surveys between 2011 and 2013.
According to the findings of the report, 22% of respondents viewed corruption as the normal way of life and more than twice of that percentage viewed corruption to be beneficial (51.7%). Only 7% of the respondents reported corruption in the last five years due to fear of victimisation.
The report further revealed that a relatively high number of respondents estimated that the impact of the ACC on the levels of corruption was moderate or low.
In her speech, UNDP Resident Representative Ms. Anita Kiki Gbeho identified Goal sixteen of the SDG’S as a goal that seeks to diminish corruption and bribery, as well as support access to justice and responsible and transparent institutions.
She went on to say that poor governance is not only ruinous for democracy; it is an obstacle to equality and it limits the opportunities available for the poorest people who often shoulder a disproportionate share of the corruption burden.
In support, the Director General of Anti-Corruption Commission Paulus Noa stated, that raising awareness and effectively implementing preventive measures will address the risk of corruption before the crime is committed. He urged all stakeholders involved to put their hands together in the fight against corruption, as it is not a business for one institution or government to tackle alone.
According the DG in 2016, five hundred and nine cases were submitted by the ACC for prosecution to the Prosecutor General.
As an independent agency that is accountable to the National Assembly, the ACC’s core functions are to inspect corruption offences and to take measures for the prevention of corruption. The Commission works closely with the Namibian Police Force, the Office of the Auditor General and the Namibian Financial Institutions Supervisory Authority (NAMFISA).
The Transparency International Corruption Perception Index of 2014, ranks Namibia fifty fifth out of one hundred and seventy five countries surveyed for perceived corruption in the public sector, with the institution or government a score of forty nine out of one hundred. However, Paulus Noa mentioned that although Namibia may be seen as one of the least corrupt countries in the world, this does not mean that Namibia should become complacent.
UNDP Namibia continues to support ACC through the process of developing a National Anti-Corruption Strategy. It also supports the ACC with the implementation of the Anti corruption Act.
The theme of International Anti-Corruption Day was “Corruption: An impediment to the Sustainable Development Goals”. The UN Convention against Corruption, buttressed by its peer review mechanism, is mobilizing action for honest, transparent, accountable governance, but far more is needed.
UNDP signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Transparency International (TI) coinciding with the 17th International Anti-Corruption Conference that took place in Panama from 1-4 December 2016. The MoU is likely to raise global support and awareness on anti-corruption— to support it as a major development issue, and develop effective participation of civil society and multi-stakeholders in anti-corruption conventions at global, regional and country level.