Our support towards poverty analysis in Namibia
The Economic Policy and Poverty Unit of UNDP Namibia in partnership with the Stellenbosch University’s research on Social Policy Centre and the Southern Africa Social Policy Insight all based in South Africa through South-South Cooperation successfully empowered 14 Development Advisors from National Planning Commission and Data Analyst from Namibia Statistics Agencies on how to undertake studies on constructing and analysing poverty mapping and deprivation indexes using STATA Software. Despite the classification of Namibia as an upper Middle Income Country, there is still wide level of inequality in the country.
Poverty incidence varies greatly between the regions and between rural and urban areas of Namibia. Although no analyses has been undertaken to ascertain within regional differences, it was plausible to assume that there existed wide variations in the incidence poverty within the regions. Thus, the main objective of the support was to empower the development planners and data analyst to be able to undertake studies aimed at estimating poverty levels within regions, specifically at constituency levels using the 2011 Census data and the 2009/10 Namibia Households Income and Expenditure Data (NHIES). The studies further explored at developing trend analysis by using the 2001 Census and the 2003/04 NHIES data.
The officials now have skills on how to present the data analysed on maps using StatPlanet, and also be able to investigate aspects of non-money metric poverty as a prelude to the money-metric work that lies ahead in the country. The officials now posses capacities to advise policy makers both at national and regional government level on how to institutionalise resources allocation been informed by baseline tools on poverty within different areas. This support is in line with existing 2014-2018 United Nation Partnership Agreement between United Nation the Government of Republic of Namibia through the reduction of human poverty pillar.
In November 2009, the Khomas Regional Council requested UNDP to assist in designing an objective criterion or set of criteria, devoid of political and other considerations, which the Council could use in allocating development resources. Subsequent discussions led to an agreement that other stakeholders, especially the Central Bureau of Statistics needed to be involved and that the criterion or set of criteria needed to go beyond income poverty considerations. It was also agreed that rather than focus on Khomas region alone, the criterion or set of criteria needed to be applicable to, or cover the entire country.